Historical miniatures-Thracian warrior, era of Alexander the Great (tutorial)

I’ve decided to make a photographic tutorial of miniature making. At this point I am trying to abide by the method shown in the great tutorial video by youtube user epicfantasy in my “about” page.

First step of the process, create a wire “skeleton” of the miniature. The more detail the skeleton has, the better the chance to get the mini looking good. I fould that this part aids more in getting the proportions of the mini right than in adding strength to the miniature.

As a second step, I try to outline the torso of the miniature:

Here is a somewhat blurry image of the third step, where I have measured and cut the arms of the miniature. Notice that the arms seem to be too small at this point, this is deliberate, because I haven’t added the hands yet, it’s just arm and forearm:

Having done that, I proceed to the next step, ie putting clay on the miniature’s parts. I usually leave the hands for the end (I need them to hold on to the mini, and they play a significant part in determining the pose). The more material we use for this first layer, the “thicker” and more muscled (but possibly less “ripped”) our model will be. I put play in the back first:

there's that human warrior again, he keeps popping out everywhere :D

At this point, I add a “blanket” of clay, coming from the upper back of the mini, all the way through the shoulders, and to the upper part of the chest. Linking the back to the front has begun:

The previously mentioned “blanket” has expanded to form the begginings of the muscles of the chest:

Adding some muscles of the back, giving some extra torso muscle to the mini. Thracian warriors were renowned for their great strength:

Starting to bulk up leg muscles. Muscles are usually ovaloid shapes (as far as I know always), there fore the addition of muscles occurs by taking a piece of material (clay) and making it into an ovaloid shape. adding it to the desired part is afterwards done by moisturing the part that will receive it, and gently incorporating the part onto the main part by means of a piece of metal (“stroking” the additional part into merging with the main part):

Adding the knees, bulking up the left leg, and adding the abdomenal muscles (at that point, I did not add the abdomenal side muscles):

Adding the hands. This is made easier if you have two pairs of small pliers:

The head. This is the epitome of micro-sculpting IMHO:

Adding the lower legs, attaching the head and doing a first painting. The arm muscles weren’t too successful, though…

“Dressing’ the miniature. The clothes are actually aluminum foil paper, on which I glued cotton cloth (handkerchief really) and then I painted them. At that point, I was attempting to use glue on the fingers of the hands, to make them more flexible. It wasn’t such a good idea, though. The hat is made of actual cotton, again glued on aluminum foil. In this way it actually looks like it is made up of animal skin, as the cotton assumes the animal’s fur and the aluminum foil, if crumbled first and then painted black, assumes the inner part of the skin:

Now the shield is strapped on, and he has the characteristic thracian close range weapon, the rhomphaia on his back:

And here are two of his throwing spears (actually rather thick wire, with a clay “spearpoint”):

And two more images of the warrior, all finished. I added a cloak in order to make the whole scene more “fluid” and perhaps add some “dramatic” effect to it. The grass is actually brush hair, glued on the base:

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